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There are a number of different problems women may have with their periods. Most commonly they can be:

  • Too heavy 
  • Painful 
  • Irregular

In the UK, the average age for a girl to have her first period is 12 years. The majority of women will bleed for approximately 5 days every 28 days.Causes:
There are many reasons why problems could occur including lifestyle issues (stress and weight change), other illnesses (for example, thyroid problems) as well as gynaecological problems (fibroids / ovarian cysts).


The investigation of period problems usually includes an examination, swabs, pelvic ultrasound and blood tests of hormonal function. It is sometimes necessary to carry out exploratory surgery (hysteroscopy or laparoscopy).
Treatment very much depends on the cause of the problem. Obviously it is important to first check there is no serious underlying problem. Then treatment can be discussed and depends on individual choice. Lifestyle changes may be helpful (diet, exercise, reduction of stress) or medication or surgery may be indicated.